Author Archive: Wilma Bowman

Distance Education Made Easier Through Learning Online Tips

Internet is one of the most widely used technologies whether it is for shopping, education or other purposes. Today internet is a part and parcel of our daily life. Each home today owns a computer and an internet connection and it has become a habit to search for any new products we hear of to know how the stuff is. The Internet has played a very important role in the field of education. Education was made possible to even those who couldn’t make time because of their work and household responsibilities with the help of internet. Internet further reduced the need for students to go to the library and search for the required details as all details are available a click away.


Distance education is one of the greatest advantages of internet today. It has made education reach even the nooks and corners of the world. People who are busy with work and household duty can courses during their free time through online courses. The dates of tests will be published in the site and you can take test online at the specified time. Students can consult professors of distant colleges regarding their doubts and clarify them. They can even discuss their topic of study on online discussion boards with other students and widen their knowledge by sharing their ideas. Before paying the fees make sure the course you have joined is giving you a valid certificate for your time and money spent.


Online education is a convenient way and not an easier way hence you have to strive hard to maintain the minimum requirements of the program. You must be open minded and share the experiences regarding the work, program and life as part of the learning process. Since most of the learning time is spent in communication through writing is important that the person is able to express himself through writing. The continuous access to internet and a computer is required all through the class hours and especially while taking online exams. The person should also have adequate knowledge so as how to use the technology.


Make sure you are not late for your online discussions and meetings, and submit your assignments in time. If you find you cannot spend the required amount of time specified during a day make sure you compensate for that the next day and this is not possible for all the online courses. If you fall behind schedule once it will be difficult to catch up with later. Distance learning is not easy and if apply for distance learning program without much thinking you may not be able to cope up with your work and studies and will be frustrated. So plan wisely before applying.

How to organize Your Email Account

The email account you use for school is liable to get clogged up over time. If you have hundreds of emails in your inbox right now, you need to come up with a way to organize them all. Your emails are just like files in your home, so you need to find a way to effectively find them when you need to. Otherwise, you may assume you deleted something that is actually sitting right in front of you. The guide below explains what you need to do to have an effective, easy to use an email account.

Delete What You Don’t Need

The trash button is there for a reason. Use it. It is easy to clog up an email account with spam and promotional emails that you just don’t need. If you know you won’t ever read a certain email, delete it. Otherwise, you will let it slowly work into the back of your inbox, where it will remain forever. I try to delete enough emails to keep my inbox to one page. If I have to go to a second page for it, I need to delete or move something in my inbox. If you adopt a similar theory, you will be able to use your email account a lot easier.

Use Folders to Sort Emails

Most email providers have a folder system that you can use to sort your emails. In gmail, these are known as labels. If you want to keep an email but you don’t necessarily need to see it, you can put it in a special folder for easy reference. For instance, I once attended the University of Phoenix online, and I still get emails from the school about events and classes coming available. If I want to save any of those, I just move them to my UoP folder. That way they are out of my inbox but still easy to access. I do the same with certain people that email me, like my other or some of my clients. As long as everything has a folder to go into, I can keep my inbox easy to manage.

Filter Emails Where You Want Them

You can set up filters in your email account so that certain emails automatically go in certain places. You could have the emails filtered to another email address, the trash, a folder, or anywhere else you want them to go. I run roughly 50 blogs through WordPress platforms, and I get emails for every comment that gets placed on one of those blogs. I just send all of that to the trash because I check the comments on my own instead. If you set up a filter for your account, you can automate a lot of the organization for yourself.

Do a Spring Cleaning

Every few weeks, you should go through your inbox and see if there is anything you can delete or put into a folder. I actually do this on a daily basis, but that is because I work online. I use my email account 12 hours a day, so I have to keep it as clean as possible.

I don’t represent the majority though. If you just do a little cleaning every month or two, you can keep your inbox nice and tidy. Then it will be easy for you to operate. If you organize your email account properly, you should have no trouble finding what you need. I literally have five emails in my inbox right now, and I get about 20-30 of them a day. I just make sure everything gets put where it needs to be so I can find it easier in the end. You can do the same without much effort at all.

Defining School in Online Degree

If you attend an online university, you probably don’t follow the same schedule as other people. Most online programs are not setup in traditional semesters, where you basically have the month of December off for winter break. As a result of that, you may need to define your own breaks to still enjoy the holidays while going to school online.

Here are a few tips you can follow to feel as much like a “normal” student as possible throughout the year.

Taking Some Time Off

Most online schools will allow you to take your own break in the middle of the school year if you let your adviser know before the next class sessions start. If you attend a different class every month, you can just skip a month and then pick back up when you return. Seeing that a lot of online programs have classes starting literally once a week, you could make your break as short or long as you want it to be. You just need to let people know ahead of time so they can help you develop the ideal schedule to follow.

You may want to take your break at an odd time to avoid the college crowd that comes along at certain times every year. For instance, you could define your “Spring break” as sometime in February, rather than waiting for the actual spring break season to hit. Then you won’t have to worry about dealing with the drunken college students that will likely be running the streets. You can have more time to spend with your family in peace and quiet.

Doing Your Work Early

One of the beauties of online degree programs is that they are self-paced. If you want to get all of your homework done early, you can do that. Then you will have spare time to use in place of traditional school breaks. This will obviously require more work on your end, but it will be worth it when you get to relax in a school-free environment. There is an amazing sense of accomplishment that comes with getting work done on or ahead of schedule. You should give it a try and see what it could potentially do for you.

Taking Your Work with You

Who says you can’t do homework while you’re on vacation? This may be the only way for you to work everything out. Bring your computer with you on break and try to get classwork done when you aren’t doing anything else. You are bound to have some hours of boredom on your vacation, and those hours will be perfect times to get your school work done. You could even do homework in the car on the way back home if you’re riding with other people. All you need is a computer and a remote internet access point.

Final Thoughts

You can still enjoy school breaks even if you go to  You just have to practice self-discipline and learn how to stick to your own schedule. At this point in time, you should know how to do that anyway. That is the essence of going to school online. If you want to reap the benefits of independent study, you have to exert some control on your scheduling. If you can do that, you can make your own breaks for school.

Going to Religious School Whem You`re Not Religious

Most private schools in the country are founded on a specific religion. These schools are supposed to represent a higher level of education, just because they have small class sizes and cost more money to attend. Some of the best online colleges are religious in nature, which may be hard for those of you who aren’t religious at all. Is it possible to go to a Christian college or Catholic university without actually following the faith the school was founded on? Indeed it is.

For the most part, religious colleges try to make their curriculum as secular as they can. Most degree programs involve some form of science or math that cannot be linked to religion in any way. Thus the courses cannot be biased from a religious aspect. For instance, it is hard to pull a lot of religion into a nursing degree because the program teaches how to heal people. There may be some hints about a deity bringing luck to a patient, but for the most part, the information is factually based.

Most of the religious aspects of a college like this will involve special classes you can take or special clubs you can be involved in. You shouldn’t be required to pray on command or raise money for a church if you choose not to. My husband was worried about that when he looked into a Presbyterian college because he is non-religious, but the academic adviser informed us that he would be able to attend class without having to worry about religious discussions. You don’t have to be concerned about that in the slightest.

There is a catch to all of this though, and you need to be aware of it. For the most part, religious colleges will accept religious applicants. If you are atheist, agnostic, or something else along those lines, you may not want to indicate that on your application.

I’m not suggesting that you deny your lack of faith. I’m a freethinker myself. All I’m saying is that you may not want to scream the fact that you lack religious faith on your application. The admissions department may not be too fond of the idea that you do not follow the religion of the school. Luckily, they can’t prove that you aren’t religious. They’ll never know.

Going to a campus-based religious school is a lot harder than going to one online. If you go to school online, you do not have to be surrounded by people of a different belief. You can still hang out with your non-religious friends, and you can do your course work just like you would with any other college. If you have to go to a traditional university, you just have to make sure you remain polite and open minded with everyone you talk to. You don’t have to maintain the same beliefs to be able to get along with people.

If you know that you are going to get the best education possible from a religious university, do not be afraid to attend it – no matter what your beliefs are. If you happen to find a secular school that will provide a sound education without the religious influence, you can keep that in mind too. The internet has so many unique opportunities available to you. All you have to do is take them up. Stay true to whatever your beliefs are, and you should find a school that will work for you.

Moses 603,550 Fighting Men Part 2

In a 1998 issue of Vetus Testamentum, the scholars journal on the Old Testament, British scientist Colin Humphreys, author of The Miracles of Exodus, came up with a reasonable re-interpretation of the above quoted passage.

For Humphreys, it all boiled down to a key word, eleph, translated as a thousand in the Numbers passage. But eleph also carries the meaning of a group, such as a family, clan, or troop.

Numbers 1:21 states that the number of fighting men in the tribe of Reuben was 46,500. In the Hebrew text, this  is represented as 46 eleph and 500 men, traditionally rendered as 46 thousand and 500 men. Humphreys suggests it should be read as: 46 troops and 500 men. That is, the tribe of Reuben contributed 500 men (46 troops), not 46,500.

A troop would have between 10 and 20 men, which was standard for armies at the time (supported by data contained in the 14th-century BCE  Amarna tablets of Egypt).

All in all, Humphreys, employing a sophisticated mathematical analysis, calculated a total of 5,550 men making up Moses fighting force. And a more realistic estimate of the number of Israelites participating in the Exodus would be about 20 thousand, not the multitude recorded in Scripture, but enough to have guaranteed the birth of a nation.

(For the reader interested in the complete Humphreys reference mentioned above, see the NOTE appended to the blog.)

The idea of 2-million Israelites wandering around in the desert for forty years is unrealistic. The number is unwieldy, as already indicated, and there wouldn’t have been enough water available for their needs. But 20-thousand Israelites could have survived in the Sinai Peninsula. Modern biblical critics dismiss the saga of the Exodus as nothing more than theology told in the form of history, but we now have some credible support from the scientific community for the story’s authenticity.

NOTE: Colin J. Humphreys, The Number of People in the Exodus from Egypt: Decoding Mathematically the Very Large Number in Numbers I and XXVI. Vetus Testamentum 48 (1998), pp. 196-213.

Moses 603,550 Fighting Men

The Book of Numbers, the fourth book of the Torah (Pentateuch, Five Books of Moses), deals with numbers, all sorts of numbers, including how many Israelites departed Egypt with Moses for the Promised Land.

Numbers 1:45-6 notes that Moses had 603,550 men from twenty years of age and upward able to go forth to war. When we add women, children, and non-Israelites, the number of people trekking their way to Mount Sinai with Moshe Rabinu (Moses the Teacher) sometime during the 13th century BCE comes to over 2 million.  

The modern academic study of the Bible, noted for challenging traditional belief, considers the notion of 2-million people wandering the Sinai desert quite implausible. As N.H. Snaith wrote in Peakes Commentary on the Bible, When on the march, they would constitute a column twenty-two miles long, marching fifty abreast with one yard between each rank. It does strain credulity.  

Marching, let’s assume,  ten abreast, and not including their donkeys, herds of cattle and flocks of sheep and goats, they would have formed a column 150 miles long, according to archaeologist Eric H. Cline (From Eden to Exodus). Even more preposterous.

When you think about it, if Moses had over six hundred thousand fighting men, the Israelites would have been able to fend off Pharaoh’s pursuing army at the Red Sea and would not have required the most celebrated miracle in the Hebrew Bible to save them. Something certainly doesn’t add up.

Consider also, as the Israelites neared Mount Sinai, they were attacked by a nomadic tribe, the Amalekites. Exodus 17:8-13 describes the ensuing day-long battle, which went back and forth until the Israelites finally won out.

The Amalekites had attacked with an army of perhaps several thousand and were met presumably by an equal numerical force of Israelites. If Moses troops had indeed numbered some 600,000, it would have been a slaughter.

Another point, Deuteronomy 7:7 stresses that the LORD chose Israel even though ye were the fewest of all people.  According to the Encyclopedia of the Archeology of Ancient Egypt, Egypt’s population at the time was 3 million. With an Exodus population of 2 million, 2/3 of mighty Egypts, the Israelites would hardly qualify as the fewest of all people.

On Our Human Nature

Aristotle defined man as a political animal. In my case, he was only half right. I don’t have a political bone in my body, but I am a member of the animal kingdom. I belong to that illustrious species, Homo sapiens, that sits atop the kingdom. I’m in a rarefied realm, one, which I hasten to add, I share with about 6-billion others.

However, there are times when I wonder if some, perhaps more than some, judging from their behavior, really belong to the same species as I do. As a corollary, there are moments when I wish I belonged to a different species.

Today there is only one surviving member of the genus Homo, a single species, sapiens. Indeed, we are brothers and sisters under the skin, as the Good Book proclaims and biology confirms. Only we don’t behave toward one another as the Linnaean nomenclature has labeled us, Homo (man) +  sapiens (wise).

Christianity dwells on man’s sinfulness, blaming our original progenitors, Adam and Eve, for having started the sin problem while occupying a uterine paradise not-too-many thousands of years ago. The original sin, disobeying the commanding voice of God, stuck to their protoplasm, and supposedly has been passed down as a dominant gene from generation to generation. Thus we are all inherently sinful. So goes that theory.

The Christian view of man’s sinful nature comes right out of the Hebrew Bible, but modern Jews, unlike those in biblical times, don’t dwell on sin as Christians do. If nothing else, the Adam-and-Eve tale does help explain, to the satisfaction of many, why we err morally and ethically.  

Some of us may look at the subject of man’s tendency to waywardness from a different perspective. The approach I embrace presupposes a world much older than the one Western religionists envision from their reading of the Book of Genesis.

I first encountered that alternative understanding in my neuroanatomy course as a medical student in 1960. I’m referring to neurologist Paul MacLean’s triune brain theory. Tribune refers to something threefold, such as the triune God of Christianity.

MacLean’s triune brain is composed of three layers, an older, newer, and newest layering. The oldest was laid down millions of years ago when reptiles dominated the earth. It was not replaced when mammals made their appearance but were layered over. The same layering process occurred when primates appeared, culminating in the highest developed layer, the prefrontal cortex in man. The layers are interconnected. We are still at the mercy of our oldest layer, our primitive, reptilian brain at the bottom of the brain heap.

Mother Nature has made us what we are, following along God’s plan. We may be a little lower than the angels, but we are part of the animal world. That is our reality.

When Charlie Allnut (Humphrey Bogart) tried to rationalize his drinking and slovenliness to the missionary Rose Sayer (Katharine Hepburn) in The African Queen with the words, It’s human nature, she responded Nature, Mr. Allnut, is what we are put in the world to rise above.